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College Of Health And Medicine

Discuss about the CNA341 College of Health and Medicine.

Sample Answer

Impact Of Sepsis Protocol Policy In Early Detection Of Sepsis Patient And Their Treatment

Sepsis is one of the major reasons of increasing mortality rates in the hospitals globally. Statistics reveal that one death occurs every four seconds in the world due to sepsis (Wylie-Cheer & Goodson, 2016). One of the studies conducted between 2000 and 2012 reported that for a total of 101,064 diagnosis of sepsis was made over the year in Australia and New Zealand. Out of those, 24,255 died, which led to a mortality rate of 24% (Kaukonen, et al., 2014). Sepsis is a fatal illness which arises when the body's response to infection damages its own tissues and organs. It is recognized as a medical emergency worldwide (McPherson, et al., 2013). Annually, an estimated 18,000 people suffer from sepsis, out of those around 5000 of those die and 50% of the surviving people suffer from a disability or impaired functioning (The George Institute for Global Health and the Australian Sepsis Network, 2017). In spite of these, massive statistics, awareness regarding sepsis and the need for urgent intervention is lacking. The World Health Assembly at the WHO recognised sepsis as a global health priority in May 2017 by officially taking up a resolution to advance the prevention, detection and treatment of sepsis golabally. The resolution invites every member states of the United Nations to take certain measures to lower the load of sepsis, including executing national action plans, in partnership with professional and patient-advocacy units. 

In NSW, inefficiency of not being able to recognize and respond to sepsis has been registered often. Suitable recognition techniques and on-time treatment of patients with sepsis is a major issue in not only NSW hospitals but also in health care institutions across the globe. Delay in management of sepsis has been linked with increased mortality rates, substantial morbidity and augmented financial burden to the health care system (Burrell, et al., 2016). In 2009, the Clinical Focus Report on Recognition and Management of Sepsis identified certain inadequacies in several clinical settings in NSW health care settings (Clinical Excellence Commission Patient Safety Team, 2012). CEC Quality Systems Assessment also found the failure of timely recognition and suitable management.

NSW established a protocol for sepsis called “SEPSIS KILLS” which was executed as individual emergency divisions in 2011. Its purpose is to decrease the avoidable harm to people by improving detection and treatment of severe infection and sepsis in emergency divisions and inpatient wards within the NSW. The SEPSIS KILLS pathways endorse bundles of care, with their focus on early management.

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