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Natural Systems Approaches

These are the historical corrections to the 'rational system method. Instead of focusing on creating formal structures that allow for the best control of workers and increase efficiency, they emphasize the importance of culture in organizations, looking at informal networks and the practices within organizations as well as those that do not align with the goals of the organization. In the past, analysts have employed this method to differentiate formal and informal organizations and to highlight the need to inspire and motivate participants. When applied to schools this method focuses on the teachers and students and social factors that affect learning, engagement and assessment.

1. In the words of Cote and Allohar, what is the character of an informal learning culture which has developed in Ontario universities and how did it develop? What is the way it affects basic objectives of learning? According to your view, can any of the "rational systems" mechanisms (i.e. the development of modernized formal frameworks, control systems, and accountability strategies) help to fix the issue? Do you think any natural system mechanisms be used to fix it (i.e. the symbolic rewards, methods like mentorship, morale boosters)?


2. Paulle says that his experience teaching at a difficult school has taught him: "Lesson #1": the school's hallways are full of students. is dynamic, filled with meaning, even if sometimes dangerous and the classroom is uninterested, and irrelevant. "Lesson #2": to make it through, teachers let minor controversies go unnoticed. What observations concrete did Paullebase the "lessons" on? Could any RS strategies (e.g., new formal structures or controls) or NS strategies (e.g., better org culture) reverse that situation and promote officially-prescribed student engagement and learning? Give examples of Paulle's chapter.

Sample Answer

1. Nature Of Informal Culture In Ontario Universities

The most significant issue that developed within Ontario University was that the main issue which arose in Ontario University was related to the opportunities for employment for graduates of universities and the impact of this on the culture of education at the university impacted the mentality for students attending The University of Ontario. As per Cote as well as Allahar (2007) The students at the university were disengaged due to various external and internal issues that affected the university. The school, as well as similar institutions across the country had seen a substantial increases in students who were enrolled. But, the students were often pressured to go to university because of the strong government policy of higher education. This meant that some students weren't prepared for the rigorous university program which led to an unstructured culture that hindered the effectiveness of the educational system at the university (Nast 2015). This weakened learning objectives because of the unengaged attitude of a large portion of students. Students who were enthusiastic at first dropped a lot of their motivation during crucial phases of their academic pursuits. Academic goals were less attainable due to the atmosphere of the university.

Rational systems can be used to aid in the process. But, functional and structural adjustments within the university could only benefit in a limited degree. This is because the students are mainly disengaged for obvious motives (Muhar and co. (2018)). To help the students do better and become engaged, natural systems methods can be utilized. Moral boosting and mentoring at the end of faculties can be extremely helpful in helping students become more curriculum focused in their work. It must be successfully implemented and , at times, it is possible to offer symbolic rewards offered to students. The most important issue is shortage of employment opportunities for graduates. Therefore, it is crucial to establish a framework in which students are aware of the many advantages of higher education classes that they enroll in (Liu and co. 2015). Mentoring could include student-teacher interactive sessions or even tours that are specially designed for students. Communication is a powerful tool used by faculty to encourage better engagement among students. Therefore, the institution must be more focused on the aspects, values and elements that will draw students to the university's educational program. It is essential to establish goals for students in the centre.

2. The Implications of Progressivism in Today's Schools

Progressive learning focuses on improving the capabilities of learning for students. In a broad sense, it is about making students not just good learners but also developing their personality while ensuring that they become better people. This is essential because, in addition to the requirements for learning of students, they also need to develop their of their personality and

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